Who is a Father of Chemistry

Who is a Father of Chemistry

Science has created numerous changes in humans’ life, All of the innovations in science are not only beneficial for humans but also for other species too. Some chemicals are naturally abundant on earth while some are a mixture of more than one substance.

Various kinds of inventions and experiments about chemicals have been proved as a vital breakthrough in the medical and industrial sectors. If you are so curious and a learner of chemistry then this article will be so helpful for you.

You can get to know here about the history of chemistry, in brief, Also some notable inventions in chemistry and their inventor. Still, if you don’t know about the father of chemistry then that thing will be also clear through this article.

Who is a Father of Chemistry?

Who is a Father of Chemistry
Who is a Father of Chemistry

History of Chemistry

Like other science branches, chemistry has also a historical background through which most of the unknown chemical inventions and their properties were studied.

Though from the ancient era various types of observations and study were going on chemistry-related things, But the big breakthrough achieved on chemistry in the 18th century. Like in the year 1735 Swedish chemist Georg Bandt had observed blue color pigment in copper ore, which was later on well known as a ‘Cobalt’.

While in the year 1751 another Swedish chemist Axel Cronstedt had detected separate metallic properties element in copper ore later which was well known by name ‘Nickel’.

This invention was the next step into chemistry and mineralogy, With a study on solid substances and minerals ore, there were gaseous and liquid form substances that were going to study. Swedish chemist Joseph Black had isolated carbon dioxide in the year 1754 which he called ‘Fixed Air’. His next research on latent heat was related to Thermochemistry phase changes.

A few years later in 1766 English chemist Henry Cavendish isolated hydrogen gas, He observed various things related to this gaseous substance. The main conclusion by Cavendish was hydrogen is an inflammable gas. He was the first chemist who invented hydrogen gas and studied various properties of hydrogen gas.

Later on, different types of gases were studied and observed by different chemists and some inventions among them was carl Scheele discovered oxygen in the year 1773, and his conclusion was this is a fiery gas.

Joseph Priestley discovered soda water in the year 1767, The next researches into chemistry by french chemist Antoine Lavoisier was a big contribution to science.

Here you can read some best inventions and efforts of Antoine Lavoisier in chemistry as per the below-given list.

  • Law of Conservation of Mass.
  • Given name as an Oxygen and Hydrogen to unnamed gas.
  • Opposed to Phlogiston Theory.
  • Construct Metric System.
  • Writer of a first extensive list of Elements. Done Chemical Revolution.

Lavoisier’s inventions and work in chemistry had given new paths and ideas into chemical science. Which was the big inspiration for the next researchers and learners. That is why Antoine Lavoisier is popularly well known as the ‘Father of Chemistry’.

List of Famous Chemistry Inventions

  • Penicillin
  • Haber Bosch
  • Cathode
  • Periodic Table
  • Gunpowder
  • Polyethylene
  • Battery
  • Aspirin
  • Electricity
  • Microscopy
  • Explosive
  • Nylon
  • Phenol
  • Anode Ray
  • Davy Lamp

List of Famous Chemistry Related Inventor

  • John Dalton
  • Robert Boyle
  • Ernest Rutherford
  • Marie Curie
  • Alfred Nobel
  • Humphry Davy
  • Thomas Graham
  • Svante Arrhenius
  • Otto Hahn
  • Louis Pasteur.


In chemical science, various types of inventions have been done and behind this success different types of inventors, a contribution is responsible. But the success achieved by Antoine Lavoisier was remarkable and that has made him the father of Chemistry.

Chemistry Questions with Answers

  • Who Invented Dynamite?
    Ans: Alfred Nobel.
  • What are the five types of chemistry?
    Ans: Organic, Analytical, Physical, Inorganic, and Biochemistry.
  • What is the famous book of Antoine Lavoisier?
    Ans: Elements of Chemistry.
  • Give the name of anyone female chemist?
    Ans: Marie Curie.
  • Who invented Hydrogen?
    Ans: Henry Cavendish.


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