What is Vedic Maths? Tricks, Sutras, and Importance

What is Vedic Maths

Vedic maths is the ancient trick to solve mathematical calculations accurately and with precision. Vedic math has its origin in Atharvaveda from there it is studied by Swami Bharti Krishan Tirtha Ji Maharaj. Swami Bharati Krishan Tirtha wrote a book named Vedic math in this book he mentions 16 sutras and 13 sub-sutras.

What is Vedic Maths? Tricks, Sutras, and Importance<yoastmark class=

The whole story of Vedic maths revolves around these 16 sutras and 13 sub-sutras. Sri Bharati Krishan Tirtha is considered as Father of Vedic math. It is said that he spends 7 years in deep meditation and studying Vedanta and lived the life of an ascetic from 1911 to 1918 during this period the 16 sutras of Vedic math were discovered.

In the beginning, the Bharti Krishan tirtha wrote sutras of the manuscript but the script was lost. In the year 1957, he wrote 16 sutras in a book called Vedic Mathematics he was planning to write other sutras but cataracts develop in both eyes, and in 1960 he died.

Importance of Vedic maths

  • Vedic math helps us to easily solve multiplication, division of complex numbers, squaring, cubing, square root, and cube root.
  • Improve accuracy when solving lengthy calculations.
  • It is useful for all grades from 11th to 12th as far as the numerical calculation is concerned.
  • It decreases the amount of finger counting and rough work on paper.
  • Improve logical reasoning.
  • Vedic maths is easy to learn and it is great fun for students.
  • you can do calculations 15 to 20 times faster than your usual method.
  • Vedic math helps us to sharpen our minds and increase our intelligence and also mental ability boosts our self-confidence.
  • you can use Vedic math tricks in your exams like CAT, SAt, CET, and banking exams these tricks helps you to
  • reduce your time and also get your answer accurate.
  • It is many times faster than the usual method
  • It saves your time in calculations and also helps to boost your confidence
  • It makes mathematics interesting and pretty much simple
  • It helps to develop concentration
  • it is simple to understand and easy to apply
  • by using this  maths you can easily solve, cube roots, square-root, division, multiplication
  • all students who are in 1st or 12th they can use Vedic maths for mathematical sums
  • if you learn Vedic math then you don’t have to learn tables you just learn tables up to 9. by using Vedic maths tricks you solve a big problem in the shortcut method with accuracy.

Why all students should learn Vedic maths?

Ans Today we live in a world of competition. And in every competitive exam, the maths section is mandatory and it has almost 25% weightage by marks. There is hardly any competitive exam that does not contain a maths section.

In competitive exams, we have to solve complex arithmetic calculations in less time if we use the traditional method to solve these problems then we may arrive at the written answer but we utilize too much time. On the other hand, if we use Technique in Vedic maths then we solve the same calculation in a few minutes, and a high level of accuracy is also maintained.

Maths is the most scoring subject in every competitive exam. If you want to make good use of it you must learn the technique of Vedic math to perform complex arithmetical calculations quickly and with a high degree of precision.

Vedic Maths Sutras:

List of Vedic Maths 16 Sutras:

S.NoSutras NameMeaningSquaring a number ending with 5
Sutra 1.Ekadhikina PurvenaBy one more than the previous oneWhen the the divisor is greater than 10
Sutra 2.Nikhilam Navatashcaramam DashatahAll from 9 and the last from 10Multiplication of numbers, which are near to base like 10, 100, 1000
Sutra 3.Urdhva-TiryagbyhamVertically and crosswiseMultiplication of two numbers
Sutra 4.Paraavartya YojayetTranspose and adjustThe remainder by the last digit
Sutra 5.Shunyam SaamyasamuccayeWhen the sum is the same that sum is zeroSolving equations of a special type provided that they satisfy a special condition
Sutra 6.Anurupyena- SunyamanyatIf one is in ratio, the other is zeroTo find out the product of two numbers when both are near the common base like 40, 40, etc. (multiples of powers of 10).
Sutra 7.Sankalana-VyavakalanabhyamBy addition and by subtractionIt is used to solve simultaneous simple equations which have the co-efficient of the variables interchanged
Sutra 8.PuranapuranabyhamBy the completion or Non-completionUsed to simplify or solve algebra problems.
Sutra 9.Chalana-KalanabyhamDifferences and SimilaritiesIt is used to solve quadratic equations
Sutra 10.YaavadunamWhatever the extent of its deficiencyApplicable to obtain sq. of a number close to bases of powers of 10
Sutra 11.VyashtisamanstihPart and WholeHelp in the factorization of the quadratic equation of types
Sutra 12.Shesanyankena CharamenaThe remainders by the last digitIt is to express a fraction as a decimal to all its decimal places
Sutra 13.SopaantyadvayamantyamThe ultimate and twice the penultimateThis sutra is used to find the solution of a special type of equation
Sutra 14.Ekanyunena PurvenaBy one less than the previous oneThis sutra is used in the case of multiplication by 9, 99…
Sutra 15.GunitasamuchyahThe product of the sum is equal to the sum of the productCross-check the correctness of obtained answers in multiplications, divisions, and factorizations
Sutra 16.GunakasamuchyahThe factors of the sum are equal to the sum of the factorsUse full in the factorization of cubics and biquadratics equation

List of 13 Sub-Sutras Vedic Maths

S.NoSub-sutra NameMeaning
Sub-sutra 1.Anurupyenaproportionality
Sub-sutra 2.Sisyate SesasamnnahRemainder remains constant
Sub-sutra 3.Adyamdyenatya-mantye-naFirst by first and last by last
Sub-sutra 4.Kevalaih Saptakam GunyatFor 7 the multiplicand is 143
Sub-sutra 5VestanamBy Osculation
Sub-sutra 6Yavadunam TavadunamLesser by the Deficiency
Sub-sutra 7.Yavadunam Tavadunam vargancaWhatever the Deficiency lesser by the amount and set up the square of deficiency
Sub-sutra 8.AntyayordasakeLast Totalling 10
Sub-sutra 9.AntyayorevaOnly the Last Terms
Sub-sutra 10.SamuccayagunitahThe addition of the coefficients in the product
Sub-sutra 11.LopanasthapanabhyamBy Alternate Elimination and Retention
Sub-sutra 12.VilokanamBy Mere Observation
Sub-sutra 13.Gunitasmuccayah SamuccayagunitahThe Product of the Sum is the Sum of the Products


At the Elementary stage, students find math a very difficult subject because students could not memorize the tables but using Vedic math you can perform complex difficult calculations using tools of Vedic maths even if you remember the table up to 9 only. By using Vedic maths you will be surprised.

Your parents and teachers will be astonished after seeing your progress in maths. If you master Vedic maths in school days it will be very beneficial for you ahead in life when you will give competitive exams.

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Vedic Maths Quiz Questions

Q 1. What is meant by Vedic maths?

Ans: Vedic math is a collection of tricks and techniques to execute arithmetic operators fast and accurately. 

Q 2. How many Vedas are in  Vedic maths?

Ans: There are 13 Vedas or 16 sub-sutras in Vedic math.

Q 3. What is taught in Vedic maths?

Ans: To speed up subtraction, multiplication, division, and addition.

Q 4. Who discovered Vedic maths?         

Ans: Vedic math was discovered by Swami Bharti Krishan Tirtha Ji Maharaj.

Q 5. For which class Vedic maths is useful?

Ans: Vedic math is useful for classes 3rd to 12th because it makes numerical calculation very easy.

Q 6. Why Vedic maths is better than abacus?

Ans: In the competitive exam you cannot use any kind of calculating device hence Vedic math is still the best choice for aspirants of competitive exams.


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